F. Douglas Stephenson: Imagine the US without the New Deal

The Republican Party’s backlash against the federal government envisions a return to an earlier, supposedly golden era in American history.

President Donald Trump, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, House Speaker Paul Ryan and other Republicans would essentially privatize Medicare and Medicaid while further lowering taxes on the top 1 percent income bracket. Freedom Caucus member Rep. Ted Yoho, R-Gainesville, and other House Republicans’ plan to solve the debt crisis by shrinking the government and base its size on the 1950s level of U.S. population, effectively repealing Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal.

The New Deal idea of a federal safety net included Social Security in the 1930s, and also inspired Lyndon B. Johnson’s Great Society and Medicare health insurance program of the 1960s. FDR and LBJ asked all working adults to care for American seniors and the poor.

Before the New Deal, it was unthinkable that retired people could turn to the government for income or medical care. That responsibility fell directly to their children, if they had them. That’s why the Republicans’ proposed cuts to Medicare and Social Security are so shocking and inhumane — they shift these costs from the federal budget back to low state and/or non-existent family budgets.

Imagine the U.S. without the New Deal, and you’ll get something like the 19th century with often impassable country roads and unpaved city streets; fetid rivers, lakes, and beaches reeking of sewage and industrial waste; no public health programs, cruel ill-health and hunger in all age groups, no mental health or substance abuse programs; epidemics of cholera, typhoid, polio and other scourges; massive illiteracy; indigent old age; few urban, state or national parks; vastly reduced productivity; urban riots and frequent bank failures that periodically wipe out depositors.

New Deal federal agencies such as the Works Progress Administration, Public Works Administration, Civil Works Administration and Civilian Conservation Corps kick-started the construction industry back to health, creating companies like Kaiser and Bechtel. New Deal sewage systems and public hospitals almost immediately improved the health of virtually all Americans.

Many people today are unaware that they use federal infrastructure every day, yet insist they want less government in their lives. They are getting their wish as much of the cultural and physical infrastructure the New Deal created is degrading for lack of maintenance, encroachment and repression by those blinded ideologically to shrinking the federal government. The failure to maintain, let alone update, the infrastructure we inherited led the American Society of Civil Engineers to give a “D” grade to U.S. infrastructure, including dams.

New Deal programs give us a true picture of what government at its most enlightened can accomplish for all of its citizens, not just the few 1 percent. Let’s stop a return to the 19th century from the 21st.

The fairness and democracy of the New Deal are its most important legacy. If Republicans and their wealthy donors and supporters have their way, we may be stranded in a world without it.

— F. Douglas Stephenson is a former instructor of social work in the University of Florida Department of Psychiatry and a current member of Physicians for a National Health Plan. He lives in Gainesville.

Photo by alexaleutians


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