Additionally, it is well documented that poverty exacerbates mental illness. In a 2005 study, Dr. Chris Hudson, chairperson of the School of Social Work at Salem State University in Massachusetts, examined data
from 34,000 individuals, who had been hospitalized at least twice in the past seven years. The findings revealed that poverty often preceded mental illness and was frequently exacerbated by economic stressors such as unemployment and difficulties attaining affordable housing. The relationship between poverty and mental illness is bidirectional: when suffering from mental illness, those affected face higher health care costs, decreased productivity, and poor general health
. Individuals living in poverty also face an increased risk of trauma, which can lead to depression and PTSD. In a study in which Dr. Hallam Hurt, Chair of the Neonatology Division at Albert Einstein Medical Center in Philadelphia
, observed 113 children living in poverty for seven years, he discovered that by age seven, 74 percent of the children in the study had heard gunfire and 13 percent had witnessed a shooting or stabbing in their own home. This data highlights the importance of implementing effective, evidence-based interventions in impoverished communities at high risk of experiencing trauma.
Direct Service Implications
Direct service providers are well aware of the adverse effects and challenges individuals living with mental illness face and should be commended for their work in providing critical treatment and services. For those seeking mental health treatment in New York State, the Office of Mental Health (OMH) offers an abundance of resources, including a program directory that can be found here
. It remains important to raise awareness and provide access to treatment not only during mental illness awareness week, but at all times. If you are interested in learning more about the relationship between poverty and trauma, the McSilver Institute
recently hosted an informative and engaging webinar with presenters Sharon Wise and Cheryl Sharp, which can be found here
Courtesy of McSilver Institute of Poverty Policy and Research who has kindly given SJS permission to syndicate this piece.
Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the Policy News Briefs are not necessarily the views of the McSilver Institute for Poverty Policy and Research or NYU’s Silver School of Social Work. If you have comments or suggestions about this service, contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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